Types of Juicers – The Main Types

In case you have been wondering the types of juicers are available, this article covers the main types of juicers.

Juicers are a big part of living healthy for providing different juice from various ingredients. Not all juicers made equal as each juicer has the capability to juice certain ingredients better than others.

Depending on the type of juicer, they can range from $60 to $500. If you plan to seriously juice every day or regularly, then investing in the right type of juicers will bring great benefits.

How many different types of juicers are there?

The main types of juicers are four which are used by many people. Apart from the 4, other additional two types of juicers function differently.

There are 3 types of juicers that you find in the market and common in many kitchens across the world. These juicers include masticating, centrifugal and triturating juicers.

In this post, I will list the most common juicers to determine the strengths and differences between the juicers.

Also Read: Jamba Appliances 67901 Juicer Review – Jamba juice juicer

How do Juicers Work?

The concept in the different types of juicers is to extract juice from leafy greens, fruits, herbs, vegetables and other types of ingredients.

Juicers first crush, grind and then squeeze the ingredients to extract the juice from the pulp. The juicers may differ on how they extract juice by following specific steps but the concept is the same.

Comparison For The 3 Common Type Of Juicers

DescriptionMasticating juicersCentrifugal juicersTwin Gear juicers
Speed (RPM)40 - 1003000 to 1600080 - 120
FunctionsMultifunctions: Extract juice, remove pulp
- Food processing (chopping, making pasta, etc)
- grinding Coffee etc
Extract juice and remove the pulpMultifunctions: Extract juice, remove pulp
- Food processing (chopping, making pasta, etc)
- grinding Coffee etc
OxidizationVery lowModerateVery low
Produce To JuiceHard & soft fruits
Thick veggies
Leafy greens
Hard fruits &
Thick veggies
Hard & soft fruits
Thick veggies
Leafy greens
Degradation time24 - 72 hoursFew hours after juicing36 - 72 hours
Juice yieldVery high &
dry Pulp
High but the
pulp is not dry
Very high &
the pulp is very dry
Juice qualityHigh & rich in nutrients,
Very little foam
Moderate
Juice has more foam &
Less nutrients due to high oxidation
High & rich in nutrients,
Very little foam
Juice has the best taste
Noise levelLowMedium to highLow
Weight8 - 15 lbs12 - 20 lbs20 - 30 lbs
CleaningEasier to cleanEasy to cleanTakes a bit of time to clean
Suitable for- Juicing Enthusiasts
- Families
- Juice bars
- Beginners
- Casual juicers
- Individuals
- Hard-core juicers
- Families
- Juice bars & Restaurants
Price$150 - $1000$40 - $250$400 - $2000

Masticating Juicer

Also known as cold press juicers, slow juicers or single auger juicers. Masticating juicers are one of the best juicers with high efficiency and quality juicing results.

These juicers rotate the auger to crush the ingredients and squeeze the juice from the pulp.

Masticating juicers can be available in either vertical or horizontal juicers. Horizontal masticating juicers are large which juice without clogging as they have a pulp ejector.

The horizontal masticating juicers also require less food prep as they come with a wide chute enough to fit ingredients. It doesn’t need a lot of chopping before juicing the produce.

On the other hand, Vertical masticating juicers appear to have smaller footprints, feed chutes. The placement of the pulp ejector is not reliable that causes clogging.

Low oxidation is produced during juicing because the juicers run at low RPMs hence reducing the friction. Most masticating juicers operate from 60-120 RPM  and this is why the juice retains most of the nutrients and enzymes.

In contrast to centrifugal juicers, masticating juicers are very quiet due to the low RPMs. The time taken to juice is longer since the RPM is low which can be a disadvantage to some users.

Pros
  • High juice yield (In contrast to centrifugal)
  • Great for juicing leafy greens such as spinach, kale, and wheatgrass and hard fruits
  • Less oxidation
  • The juice has a longer shelf life (24 hours)
  • Multi-function that can make nut butter, grind the coffee, nut milk or sorbets
  • Quiet operation
Cons
  • More expensive than centrifugal juicers
  • Slower and takes more time to extract juice
  • Large designs can take up some space for storage

Masticating juicers are the best for juicing leafy greens, wheatgrass, and fruits resulting in pure and high yields.

The juicers are multipurpose as they can grind coffee beans, nut butter or sorbets. Masticating juicer produces nutrient-rich juice that has a longer shelf life without losing the vitamins.

Purchase these juicers if you wont mind slow juicing speeds but mind about the quality and nutrient retention.

Centrifugal Juicer

These types of juicers are very common in the market and come at a cheaper price. Centrifugal juicer run at high speeds of around 3000 to 16000 RPM.

One the product is fed into the juicer, the produce is chopped and then separates the juice through a straining basket.

The juice from a centrifugal machine isn’t quality and rich in nutrients as juice from masticating juicers but it is great.

The oxidation level is very high due to high RPMs which release more heat to the juice. This causes a loss of nutrients from the juice and short shelf life.

It is better to drink the juice immediately after juicing to maximize the benefits of the juice.

Centrifugal juicers are very fast and easy to use to prepare juice within seconds. High RPMs cause the juicers to be very noisy.

Pros
  • Fewer parts which make assembly and cleaning easier
  • The fastest for extracting juice from fruits and vegetables
  • Take up less space on your kitchen counter
  • Cheaper and affordable juicers
  • Wide variety and available to choose from reputable brands
Cons
  • The quality of juice cannot match juice from the slow juicers
  • Juice tends to have foam due to oxidation and high speed juicing
  • Very noisy
  • Not great for leafy greens, wheatgrass, nuts, and seeds
  • Short shelf life which requires drinking the juice immediately
  • Juice contains high amounts of pulp

Buy this if you want the faster-juicing process and don’t require to store the juice for later consumption.

If you are planning to juice hard fruits and vegetables (like carrots or apples), these juicers are great and provide value for money.

Centrifugal are available from top brands that operate great, close to the top masticating juicers. The cost is cheaper and they are easy to store in the kitchen cabinets.

Twin Gear Juicer (Triturating)

The twin juicer or triturating juicer has 2 gears that rotate to crush, grind and then extract juice from the pulp. Due to this process of using two gears, the produce is thoroughly squeezed releasing a dry pulp and the juice yield is high.

Speeds at twin gear juicers are slightly higher than that of masticating juicers. The machines can extract any kind of juice and it does a great job in extracting liquid from the hard fiber.

Triturating juicers are also multipurpose with capabilities to grinding the coffee, nuts, chopping veggies, spices and more.

These juicers are large and very heavy due to the design and the price is also higher. Quality twin gear juicers range from $400 and above.

Pros
  • Extracts juice with more nutrients than centrifugal or slow juicers
  • Very high yield
  • Works well with hard and soft produce
  • Multifunction to make nut butter/milk, grind the coffee, spices, etc
  • Operate quietly
  • Minimum oxidation levels
  • Durable machines
Cons
  • More expensive than a centrifugal or slow juicer
  • A slow operation which takes longer to juice
  • Large designs which take counter space
  • Cleaning can be challenging

If you want maximum juice yields nutrient-rich and quality performance, these juicers are on the next level.

The juicers are expensive than centrifugal and slow juicers but they offer more efficiency.

Manual Press Juicers

As the name suggests, manual juicers use force from the user to extract the juice from the ingredients. A lever is rotated by the user to produce force for the juice extraction process.

Once the juice has been squeezed, it goes through a mesh filter to separate the pulp. Depending on the type of manual juicers you find, the concept is the same.

On the market, the most common type of manual juicers is the citrus juicers.

Juicing with manual press juicers produces the lowest oxidation thus the juice retains nutrients.

Pros
  • Portable to move around
  • Low oxidation resulting in nutrient retention
  • Inexpensive
  • Quiet operation
Cons
  • Slow and tiresome when juicing large batches.
  • Limited to extract other types of produce
  • Spillage of juice in some models

Buy manual press juicers if you plan to juice small amounts of citrus produce. Large amounts can cause strain on your arm and its tedious.

Also, the juicers are limited in terms of juicing other types of produce like leafy greens, hard fruits, and veggies.  The price of a manual press juicer is very affordable.

Hydraulic Press

The hydraulic juicers are one of the oldest types of juicers to exist which are great at extracting the most yield.

These juicers work by applying high pressures to squeeze them and extract the juice from the produce.

At around 6000 PSI, the ingredients are squeezed thoroughly resulting in very dry pulp and high juice yield.

Juicing with hydraulic press juicers requires chopping the produce into smaller chunks and place them in the bag or cloth.

The cloth acts as the mesh to keep the pulp from the juice. The juice comes very pure and rich in nutrients than any other type of juicer.

Hydraulic press juicers are very expensive and heavy to move around in the kitchen. The operation is slow due to the required prep before juicing and the use of cloth.

A lot of space is required in the kitchen to place the hydraulic press juicer. Cleaning is challenging as the parts and the bag requires thorough cleaning.

Pros
  • Extracts the richest nutrients juice from fruits and vegetables
  • Longest shelf life – store juice in a fridge for 3-5 days with minimal loss of nutrients and taste
  • Produces pure juice
  • Minimal oxidation
  • Highest yield out of hard-to-juice ingredients like leafy greens
  • Multipurpose functions to make nut butter/milk, hemp seed, oats, soy, etc
  • Quiet operation
Cons
  • The most expensive type of juicers
  • Cumbersome to use and clean.
  • They are complicated to operate, require the use of reusable or single-use press bags to hold the pulp

Note: Hydraulic press juicers are the best for high yield and rich nutrient juice with the longest shelf life(up to 72 hours).

If you plan to buy a hydraulic press juicer, then prepare to spend a lot of dollars.

Steam Juicers

With steam juicers, they use steam to heat the ingredients to release the juice. The juice is collected in a sterile bottle for storage.

The steam juicers can be used to obtain juice from berries and other related products.

Frequently Asked Questions

What’s the difference between centrifugal and masticating juicers?

The main difference between masticating and centrifugal juicers is the speed at which they operate when juicing.

Centrifugal juicers run at a very high speed of up t 16000 RPMs while masticating juicers run at 60 to 120 RPMs.

The oxidation levels in masticating juicers are very low while centrifugal juicers are high. This results in rich nutrients juice from masticating juicers than centrifugal juicers.

Juice shelf life from masticating juicers is longer than juice from centrifugal juicers. Operation in masticating juicers is very quiet due to low RPMs.

Finally, the price differs with masticating juicers costing higher than the centrifugal juicers.

Are masticating or centrifugal juicers better?

Generally, masticating juicers are better than centrifugal juicers due to the high yield, nutrient-rich, quality and longer shelf life juice produced.

In terms of speed of juicing, the centrifugal juicers are very fast.

There is no clear winner as each provides useful operations for different juicing purposes. Apart from other aspects like budget, weight, the masticating juicers can perform all your juicing needs.

What type of juicers is best?

This question will depend on the needs and type of ingredients to be juiced.

As highlighted above in each type of juicer, every category of juicers has strengths in juicing.

Budget is a great consideration when buying juicers as some types are very expensive while others are affordable with great results.