Difference Between Cabbage And Lettuce
Cabbage and some types of lettuce sometimes confuse a lot of people due to their resemblance but they are different. If you are looking for a difference between cabbage and lettuce, this is it.
Both vegetables provide similar nutrients that are healthy for various body functions.
The difference between cabbage and lettuce is brought by different plant families, growing conditions, nutritional values, flavors, culinary use, texture, etc.
Here is what you should know about cabbage vs lettuce differences.
Cabbage is a widely cooked vegetable used for different culinary purposes. It can be eaten raw, boiled, stewed, sauteed, and braised.
Surprisingly, cabbage belongs to the genus Brassica which includes other vegetables like Brocolli, Cauliflower among others.
The leaves of cabbage are tough and thick but when cooked it turns to a tender and delicious meal.
Just like most of the vegetables, cabbages are packed with nutrients and Vitamins to help stay healthy.
Cabbages are found in many types grown in different places;
- Helps indigestion
- Vitamin C helps in strengthening bones, boost metabolism, prevent diseases, skin health, etc.
- Fights microbial infections
- Prevent against inflammation
- Prevents cancer
The name lettuce comes from the Latin word “lac” which means milk. It belongs to the Lactuca family.
Lettuce has high water content and is mostly used as a salad for other meals.
Similar to cabbages, it comes packed with nutrients and Vitamins essential for body health.
Lettuce is categorized into 4 types which include;
- Excellent source of vitamin A which is good for eye health, skin and bones
- Helps in weight loss due to low calories and high fiber and cellulose
- Contains sleep-inducing properties, Lactucarium, a white fluid that can help the body muscles relax and promote good sleep
- Protects Neuronal cells
- Blood sugar regulation because lettuce has a low glycemic index.
- It contains omega -3 fatty acids, antioxidants and antimicrobial that promote overall health.
Cabbage And Lettuce: Similarities
The two vegetables have many similarities worth noting. All Leafy greens share most of the nutritional benefits with slight differences.
Both cabbage and lettuce contain minerals, Vitamins, and antioxidants.
They have high water content which makes perfect for juicing to extract high yields.
Both cabbage and lettuce have many layers of leaves forming a similar shape depending on the type.
Cabbage And Lettuce: The Differences
Although the cabbage and lettuce contain most of the nutrients, vitamins, and antioxidants, they vary from each other in different amounts.
There are differences in the growing conditions, health benefits, appearance, taste, storage, and culinary uses.
Nutritional Value Difference
Cabbage has full of vitamins and minerals to benefit every day. It contains a Sulforaphane compound that can delay cancer like prostate, melanoma, breast and pancreatic cancers.
It has higher minerals than lettuce which include potassium, magnesium, iron, calcium, phosphorus, and manganese.
Cabbage has twice the number of calories that lettuce contains with cabbage containing 25 calories while lettuce has only 14 calories.
In terms of Vitamin C intake, Cabbage contains about 60% of vitamin C while lettuce contains 4% of the intake. Vitamin B6 is found in cabbages but lettuce doesn’t have.
Also, cabbages contain more fiber content than lettuce and contain glutamine which provides inflammatory properties.
Overall, cabbages had more nutritional value than lettuce.
|Green cabbage||Iceberg lettuce|
|Protein||1 grams||1 grams|
|Carbs||6 grams||3 grams|
|Fiber||3 grams||1 grams|
|Fat||Less than 1 gram||Less than 1 gram|
|Folate||11% of the RDI||7% of the RDI|
|Vitamin A||2% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI)||10% of the RDI|
|Vitamin C||61% of the RDI||5% of the RDI|
|Vitamin K||96% of the RDI||30% of the RDI|
|Vitamin B6||6% of the RDI||2% of the RDI|
Texture & Taste
Cabbage has tough leaves than lettuce, therefore, it contains less water content. Due to the texture of cabbage, it can be steamed or boiled and sometimes used in coleslaw.
Lettuce has a crunchy texture which makes it ideal for salads and baked foods like burgers.
Cabbages when cooked correctly, provide sweet flavor and also compliment other foods. If you decide cabbages raw, they have a crunchy texture and strong flavor.
We do enjoy food differently but cabbage is more versatile to cook and use as a dessert at the same time. Lettuce is better for salads and not cooking.
Lettuce requires cooler conditions to grow than cabbages. Lettuce thrives in sandy soil or loose soil with a soil pH level between 6 and 7.
Growing lettuce requires 6 hours of sunlight a day and needs shade for proper growth.
Cabbages grow in cool environments and soil pH above 6.5 but it has to be moist throughout for best results.
Cabbage has a short stem and a head forming a bulb shape. They appear in different types which contain different colors which are green, red, purple.
Lettuce also has a short stem but the leaves are usually wrapped around each other. They contain more chlorophyll which makes lettuce greener than cabbages
The texture of cabbage and less water content enables it to last longer than lettuce. Stored in the fridge, cabbage can last for about two months.
Lettuce, when stored in the fridge, can last for a few days before going bad.
All vegetables are best when eaten fresh for maximum nutrient benefits.
The available different types of cabbage and lettuce provide different nutrients amounts but cabbage has more nutritional value.
Both are healthy choices everyone should be eating interchangeably for more health benefits.
The two vegetables work best in different types of culinary recipes therefore, they are to be used where they fit.